Victor Vasarely (1906–1997)
Hungarian painter and graphic designer, Vasarely started his studies in medicine and literature at the University but later he came in contact with the artistic environment: from 1927 he attended the Podolini-Volkmann Academy and the Mühely, institutes where he understood how art could be separated from reality.
At the beginning of the Thirties he moved to Paris, where he worked as graphic designer and later as full-time artist, experiencing a geometrical painting established on optical effects that opened the way to the Op-Art of the Fifties. It’s only with the group show « Le Mouvement » that Vasarely and other great artists, such as Agam, Calder and Tinguely, lay the foundation of Op-Art. For the occasion, the hungarian painter wrote a teorical text in which he exposed the main idea of his art, based on the concept of plastic unity.
During the years between the Sixties and the Seventies, his optical images started to becoming part of the popular culture, impacting different fields as architecture, IT and fashion. His works are in the permanent collection of major museums all over the world.