Moore Henry (1898 – 1986)
British sculptor, between the most famous and influential of his generation, he was born in Castleford in Yorkshire. The father, a miner, dreamt for him of a future away from hard manual work. However, at 18, he was called to the front: he was injured in 1917 during the Battle of Cambrai. As a boy, Moore demonstrated a great interest and a strong talent in the arts. In 1921, he won a scholarship to the Royal College of Art. His desire to experiment with new forms of expression led him to clash with teachers who tried to address him to the classic style of perfection and harmony of forms. His artistic vision was greatly affected by the works of Michelangelo and Pisano, but especially from his studies on primitive sculpture Mayan Chac-Mool, observed at the Louvre, that had a fundamental influence on his artistic imagination and his famous human reclined figures. The 30s were the most meaningful and productive decade of Moore’s career, who was affected by the influences of Constructivism and Surrealism, that led him to appreciate the importance of the abstract form. The human form he was inspired by became increasingly linear: Moore created elongated and deformed bodies, drawing analogies between human anatomy and the natural landscape, giving a picture of humanity as a powerful force of nature. The message of hope in his works was among the main reasons of the success and the many awards he received after World War II. In 1948, he won the International Prize for Sculpture at the Venice Biennale. Today there is no city in the world that does not have one of his many public works.